To Believe In The Last Day

The fifth of the six fundamentals of îmân is "to believe in the Last Day (al-Yawm al-âkhir)." It begins on the day when a person dies and continues till the end of Doomsday. The reason why it is called the "Last Day" is that there is no night to come after it, or because it comes after the world. The "Day" mentioned in this hadîth sherîf is unlike the day or night we know. It denotes some time. When Doomsday will occur is not something made known to us. No one could estimate its time. Nevertheless, our Prophet (sall-Allâhu ta'âlâ 'alaihi wa sallam) pointed out many of its harbingers and precedents: Hadrat al-Mahdî will come; 'Îsâ ('alaihi 's-salâm) will descend to Damascus from heaven; ad-Dajjâl will appear; people called Ya'jûj and Ma'jûj will put the whole world into turmoil; the sun will rise in the west; violent earthquakes will occur; religious knowledge will be forgotten; vice and evil will increase; irreligious, immoral, dishonest people will become leaders; Allâhu ta'âlâ's orders will be forbidden; harâms will be committed everywhere; fire will come out of Yemen; seas and mountains will split into pieces; the sun and the moon will darken; seas will mix with each other, boil and dry up.