To Believe In Allâhu Ta'âlâ's Prophets

The fourth of the six fundamentals of îmân is "to believe in Allâhu ta'âlâ's prophets," who were sent to make people attain the way He likes and to guide them to the right path. Literally 'rusul' (pl. of rasûl) were the 'people sent, messengers, ' In Islam, 'rasûl' means 'noble, respectable person whose nature, character, knowledge and intellect are higher than those of all the people of his time, having no bad trait in his character and no disliked manner. ' Prophets had the quality 'Isma, that is, they did not commit any grave or venial sins before or after they were informed of their nubuwwa (prophethood, prophetship).

After they were informed of their nubuwwa and until their nubuwwa was known and spread out, they did not have such defects as blindness, deafness or the like. It has to be believed that every prophet had seven peculiarities: Amâna (trustworthiness), Sidq (devotion), Tablîgh (communication), Adâla (justness), 'Isma (purity), Fatâna (superintelligence) and Amn al-'azl (security against dismissal from nubuwwa).

A prophet who brought a new religion is called a "rasûl" (messenger). A prophet who did not bring a new religion but invited people to the previous religion is called a "nabî" (prophet). In the communication (tablîgh) of commands and in calling people to Allâhu ta'âlâ's religion, there is no difference between a rasûl and a nabî. We have to believe in that all prophets, without exception, were devoted and truthful. He who does not believe in one of them is regarded as not believing in any.

The number of prophets ('alaihimu 's-salâm) is not known. It is well known that there were more than 124,000. Among them, 313 or 315 were rasûls; the six higher rasûls among them, called Ulu 'l-'azm, were: Âdam, Nûh (Noah), Ibrâhîm (Abraham), Mûsâ (Moses), 'Îsâ (Jesus) and Muhammad Mustafâ ('alaihimu 's-salâtu wa 's-salâm).

The following thirty-three prophets are well-known: Âdam, Idrîs, Shît (or Shis), Nûh, Hûd, Sâlih, Ibrâhîm, Lût, Ismâ'îl, Is'hâq, Ya'qûb, Yûsuf, Ayyûb, Shu'aib, Mûsâ, Hârûn, Khidir, Yûshâ' ibn Nûn, Ilyâs, Alyasa', Dhu 'l-kifl, Sham'un, Ishmoil, Yûnus ibn Matâ, Dâwûd, Sulaimân, Luqmân, Zakariyyâ, Yahyâ, 'Uzair, 'Îsâ ibn Mariam, Dhu 'l-qarnain and Muhammad ('alaihimu 's-salâtu wa 's-salâm).

Only the names of twenty-eight of them are written in the Qur'ân al-kerîm. Shît, Khidir, Yûshâ', Sham'un and Ishmoil are not written. Among the twenty-eight, it is not certain whether Dhu 'l-qarnain, Luqmân and 'Uzair were prophets or not.