To Believe The Books

The third of the six fundamentals of îmân is "to believe in the Books revealed by Allâhu ta'âlâ." He sent these Books to some prophets by making the angel read to them. To some He sent books inscribed on tablets, and to some others by making them hear without the angel. All these Books are the Word of Allâhu ta'âlâ (Kalâm-Allâh). They are eternal in the past and everlasting. They are not creatures. They are not words made up by angels, nor are they words of prophets. The Word of Allâhu ta'âlâ is unlike the language which we write, keep in mind and speak. It is not like being in writing, speech or mind. It does not have letters or sounds. Man cannot understand how Allâhu ta'âlâ and his Attributes are.

In the Books which Allâhu ta'âlâ revealed, either the pronunciations or the meanings of some âyats, or both, were changed (naskh) by Him. The Qur'ân al-kerîm replaced all the Books and abolished the validity of their rules. There will never be any mistakes, additions, forgotten or missing points in Qur'ân al-kerîm until the end of the world, nor will it be forgotten. All knowledge of the past and the future exists in the Qur'ân al-kerîm. For this reason, it is higher and more valuable than all the other heavenly Books. The greatest mu'jiza of Rasûlullah (sall-Allâhu ta'âlâ 'alaihi wa sallam) is the Qur'ân al-kerîm. If all human beings and genies would assemble and try to say something similar to the shortest sûra of the Qur'ân al-kerîm, they would not be able to do so. In fact, the eloquent, literary poets of Arabia assembled and strove very hard, but they could not say something like one short âyat.

One hundred and four of the heavenly Books were revealed to us: it is well-known that ten suhuf (pl. of sahîfa, little book) were revealed to Âdam ('alaihi 's-salâm), fifty suhuf to Shis (Shît) ('alaihi 's-salâm), thirty suhuf to Idrîs ('alaihi 's-salâm) and ten suhuf to Ibrâhîm ('alaihi 's-salâm); the Tawrât (Torah) was revealed to Mûsâ (Moses) ('alaihi 's-salâm), the Zebûr (the original Psalms) to Dâwûd ('alaihi 's-salâm), the Injîl (Latin 'Evangelium') to 'Îsâ (Jesus) ('alaihi 's-salâm) and the Qur'ân al-kerîm to Muhammad ('alaihi 's-salâm).