Man Means Needy

Hadrat Imam-i Rabbani says in the 62nd letter of the second volume of his Maktubat:

   Man has been created so as to be civilized. In order to be civilized and live, he needs others. Allahu ta'ala declares in the sixty-fourth ayat [1] of Anfal Sura [2], "O my Prophet! Allahu ta'ala and the Believers who are with you are sufficient for you!" Thus, He informs that the Believers are sufficient for helping the Best of Mankind. Hence, it is understood that it is necessary to help others. Rich people of our time think that being a darvish [3] is not to need anybody else. It is a wrong understanding. Man means needy. Not only men but also all creatures are needy. In fact, man's goodness, beauty, arises from his being needy. Also, man's being a slave, his broken heart are the results of his being needy.

   If man were not needy, he would be disobedient, excessive, unbridled. Allahu ta'ala declares in the sura of Iqra', "When man is without any needs, for certain he will become excessive!" Those faqirs who have freed their hearts from being attached to creatures, when they need to cling to causes express their needs to the Owner and Creator of the needs. When they get the causes, they know them to be from Him. They say that it is always He who sends or who does not send.

   For many orders and benefits, Allahu ta'ala creates everything through causes. He states that those who cause goodness are good and those who cause evil are evil. It is for this reason that the great superiors of this path have been thanking the causes or complaining about them. Outwardly, they have been deeming goodness and evil to be from the causes. If Allahu ta'ala had created everything directly without any causes there would not be any order in the universe, everything would be all mixed up. O our Allah! Thou never creates anything corrupt or out of order!

[1] ayat: A verse of al-Qur'an al-karim; al-ayat al-karima.
[2] suura(t): a Qur'anic chapter [a chapter of the Qur'an].
[3] darvish A Turkish or Persian monk, especially one who professes extreme poverty and leads an austere life.