Takbir-i Teshriq


According to the Imamayn, from morning prayer on the Arafa day, that is, the day preceding the 'Iyd of Qurban (sacrifice feast), until late afternoon prayer on the fourth day, which amounts to twenty-three prayers of salat [1] in all, it is wajib [2] for everyone, for men and women, for hadjis (pilgrims) and for those who are not making the hajj (pilgrimage), for those who are performing salat in jama'at (congregation) and for those who are performing it alone to say the Takbir-i tashriq (saying: "Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar. La ilaha illallah. Wallahu akbar. Allahu akbar wa lillahil-hamd") once immediately after making the salam [3] in any salat that is fard (obligatory) or when making qada [4] of any fard salat for the days of this 'Iyd. This (takbir) is said after the prayers of Friday, too. It is mustahab [5] to recite it after 'Iyd prayer. It is not said after the salat of janaza (funeral). It is not necessary to say it after leaving the mosque or if you have talked (after the salat). If the imam forgets the takbir, the jama'at must not omit it. Men may say it loudly.

[1] salat: i) prayer; (with salam)= salawat; ii) ritual prayer of at least two rak'as; "namaz", in Persian; salat janaza: funeral prayer.
[2] wajib: (act, thing) never omitted by the Prophet, so almost as compulsory as fard and not to be omitted. Wajib al-wujud: Being whose existence is indispensable and nonexistence is impossible.
[3] salam: i) greeting, peace, good wish; ii) the phrase "Assalamu 'alaikum wa rahmatullah" said at the end of salat.
[4] qada': i) decree of a qadi (Muslim judge); ii) performance of an 'ibada after its due time.
[5] mustahab: (act, thing) deserving thawab if done but no sin if omitted, nor disbelief if disliked.