Should The Four Madhhabs Be United? (Part 2)


2) Confining Muslims and their 'ibadat [1] to a single way will make Islam more difficult. Allahu ta'ala and His Prophet (sall- Allahu 'alaihi wa sallam) would have declared everything clearly if they wished it so and everything would be done by following only that one way. But, pitying human creatures, Allahu ta'ala and His Messenger (sall-Allahu 'alaihi wa sallam) did not declare everything clearly. Various Madhhabs [2] came out as a result of the interpretations of the 'ulama' [3] of the Ahl as-Sunna [4] (rahmatullahi ta'ala 'alaihim ajma'in). When a person encounters some difficulty, he chooses an easy way in his own Madhhab. In case of greater difficulty, he follows another Madhhab and does that action easily. There would be no such facility in case there were only one Madhhab. The la-madhhabi who think that they are collecting the rukhsas [5] to establish a single system of easy ways are, in actual fact, inventing difficulties for Muslims, probably without being aware of what they are doing.

3) An attempt to do one part of an 'ibada according to one Madhhab and another part according to another Madhhab will mean to mistrust the knowledge of the imam [6] of the former Madhhab. As is written above, it will be kufr to say that the Salaf as-salihin [8] (rahmatullahi ta'ala 'alaihim ajma'in) were ignorant.

[1] 'ibadat: pl. of 'ibada
[2] madhhab: all of what a profound 'alim of (especially) Fiqh (usually one of the four-Hanafi, Shafi'i, Maliki, Hanbali) or iman (one of the two, namely Ash-ari, Maturidi) communicated.
[3] 'ulama': pl. of 'alim; 'ulama' ar-rasihin, those learned in both zahiri and batini sciences.
[4] Ahl as-Sunna (wa'l-Jama'a): the true pious Muslims who follow as-Sahabat al-kiram. These are called Sunni Muslims. A Sunni Muslim adapts himself to one of the four Madhhabs. These madhhabs are Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi'i and Hanbali.
[5] rukhsa: to permit; easy way of doing a religious act or affair.
[6] imam: i) profound 'alim; founder of a madhhab; ii) leader in congregational salat; iii) caliph.
[7] Salaf (as-Salihin): as-Sahaba and the distinguished ones among the Tabi'un and Taba' at-Tabi'in.