Conditions For Being An Imam


It is written in the marginal notes of the explanation of Nur-ul-izah: "Being an imam requires fulfilling six conditions. " The salat is not performed behind an imam (congregational leader) who is known not to have one of these conditions:

1. To be a Muslim. He who disbelieves the fact that Abu Bakr Siddiq and 'Umar Faruq were Khalifas (caliphates) or who does not believe in the Mi'raj or the torment in the grave cannot be an imam unless he has an explanation.
2. To be at the age of puberty.
3. To be discreet. A drunk or senile person cannot be an imam.
4. To be a man. A woman cannot be an imam for men.
5. To be able to recite at least the Fatiha-i sharifa (Qur'an Al-Karim's first chapter) and one more ayat [1] correctly. A person who has not memorized one ayat or who cannot recite with tajwid the ayats he has memorized or who recites the ayats melodiously cannot be an imam.
6. To be without an excuse. A person who has an excuse cannot be the imam for those who do not have an excuse. Excuses are: continuous bleeding at some part of the body, incontinence in wind-breaking or urination, repeated pronounciation of the letters "ta" and "fa", lisping, that is, pronouncing the letter "sin" as "sa" (a letter which is pronounced with "th" sound) and the letter "ra" as "ghayn" (that is, voiced velar fricative instead of post-alveolar frictionless continuant), being without an ablution or being smeared with najasat in excess of one dirham, and being with bare awrat (genital) parts.

[1] ayat: A verse of al-Qur'an al-karim; al-ayat al-karima.